Moog Theremini - Failure Museum

Moog Theremini

A theremini is an electronic musical instrument controlled without physical contact by the performer (who is known as a thereminist). The thereminist stands in front of the instrument and moves their hands in the proximity of two metal antennas. I ...

Sony MiniDisc - Failure museum

Sony MiniDisc

Released in 1992, the Sony MiniDisc offered the digital sound quality of a CD and the recordability of a cassette. Unlike a cassette, once made, a minidisc recording could be divided, combined, deleted and named. Sony made the mistake of assuming t ...

Tower Records - Failure Museum

Tower Records

In 2006, failed to identify the impending digital music revolution. 


Oakley Thump

In 2004, Oakley created MP3-player sunglasses that people didn’t want to wear indoors.


Sony Walkman

In 2001, failure to innovate in a category it created paved the way for the Apple iPod.



Complications with piracy and copywriting laws led to Napster's demise in 2001.

Microsoft Zune

Microsoft Zune

In 2006, Microsoft was unable to gain traction with the iPod due to poor marketing and lack of developer support.